Eugênio Rezende de Carvalho

Ideas and identities in Latin America and the Caribbean: critical-comparative analysis of the Latin American and Caribbean intelligentsia's identity discourses in the 19th and 20th centuries

The research aims to promote a critical-comparative study in light of the latest techniques and procedures of discursive analysis, between the different Visions of America constructed and propagated by several intellectuals-writers of different nationalities, considered as exponents of Latin American and Caribbean thought in the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. The purpose is to identify and analyze some of the ideas, concepts, categories and counterpoints - constructed and diffused through their main works - that have had a great influence on the most recent historical and historiographical American trajectory, as well as to investigate the weight with which the geographic elements, historical, cultural, ethnic and linguistic backgrounds made up such visions of America. Therefore, the basic objective of this research is to investigate the nature, contours and configurations of the demarcation line of identity fields - us/others - in the identification-differentiation process with the purpose of establishing how it was defined, specifying the assumptions of each intellectual in question determined and selected what would or would not enter into this field of cultural identity, be it American, Latin American and/or Caribbean.

 

Norbert Elias facing the challenges of overcoming the aporia between physical time and social time

The general objective of this research project is to investigate the conception of time expressed in a set of essays by the German sociologist Norbert Elias, written and published between the 1970s and 1980s. It is therefore intended to research the main concepts, theoretical and methodological assumptions and arguments elaborated and/or handled by this author, through which he formulated his critical diagnosis about the aporia between physical time and social time - as variations of the philosophical dichotomy between objective time and subjective time; and through which he laid the foundations of an alternative proposal of approach to time that went beyond such aporia.

 

The Latin American movement for the history of ideas

It is a research on the history of the Latin American intellectual movement of History of Ideas, from its origin in the 1940s until the 1980s, when a profound theoretical and methodological reformulation occurred in its project of the History of Latin American ideas. On one hand, the study aims at exploring the bases of what we call the "disciplinary project", proposed by some of the main theoreticians of the movement, that is, the foundations of the proposal of a Latin American History of Ideas as a specific discipline. On the other hand, it intends to explore what we call the "extra-disciplinary project" of this intellectual movement starting from a reflection on the task and the pragmatic function - of identity content - that its own representatives attributed to a History of Ideas "Latin-American".