Alberto Baena Zapatero

The Vice-Queens and the Mexican Court (16th and 17th centuries)

 The project presented deals with the Mexican viceroyalty court throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, reflecting on one of the aspects less studied by specialized historiography, the role of the vicereines. The research proposes to deepen the study of the symbolic meaning of these characters in the representation of real power in America, their relations with local society, and their participation in the daily exercise of authority. The study will not focus exclusively on the figure of the vicereines, as it also deals with all those women who constituted her cortege and who participated in the social and political dynamics that took place in the Mexican Court. These ladies, who may have been of peninsular origin or "criollas" (women of Spanish origin born in America), have remained anonymous to historians and are fundamental to understand the political and social strategies developed in the court. From a more general point of view, the recovery of the vicereines functions and their cortege of ladies will contribute to a deeper knowledge of the court life in colonial Mexico and the political and symbolic role of the viceroyal institution in the maintenance of Spanish political control. From this knowledge, the commonalities and differences that are found between the American and European viceroyal courts can be reflected on.


New Spain: American door to the Asian Pacific (16th and 17th centuries)

New Spain (Mexico), through the Manila Galleon, developed direct and indirect economic, social and cultural exchanges with various Asian territories. The project intends to show the importance that the merchants of New Spain had in the contact maintained with the Pacific between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries. In order to do this, the understanding of the economic, nautical, geographic, social and cultural consequences of this relation will be deepened. Finally, the objective will be to rethink the investigations carried out on the Spanish empire from the point of view of the metropolis, highlighting now the relevance and autonomy that America had in the process. This project has the support of the "Support Program for Research and Technological Innovation Projects" (PAPIIT) IN402114-3, from Mexico.